Thermostat radiant barrier sheathing is an oriented strand board (OSB) or plywood structural panel laminated with a reflective, perforated aluminum foil. The panels reflect up to 97% of the sun's radiant heat, preventing it from being absorbed into the attic of your home. That means you can maintain indoor comfort while potentially lowering cooling energy consumption.
A radiant barrier is a layer of reflecting aluminum placed in an airspace to block radiant heat transfer between a heat-radiating surface (such as a hot roof) and a heat-absorbing surface (such as conventional attic insulation and your ceilings).
Heat travels from a warm area to a cool area by a combination of conduction, convection, and radiation. In conduction, heat flows from a hotter material to a colder material when the two materials touch. Heat transfer by convection occurs when a liquid or gas is heated, becomes less dense, and rises.
Radiant heat travels in a straight line away from the hot surface and heats anything solid as the wave of energy hits it. Aluminum foil, the reflective material used in Thermostat radiant barrier sheathing, stops up to 97% of the radiant heat from passing through to get into your attic.
Additionally, the aluminum foil emits very little heat itself, so it does not transfer the heat that it blocks via radiation. In other words, aluminum is a good heat reflector and a poor heat radiator.
Apply Thermostat radiant barrier sheathing with the reflective (foil) side down towards the attic, directly to the roof framing. For radiant barrier sheathing to be effective long-term, the reflective side must have a minimum 3/4" air space in front of the foil face to properly reflect radiant heat. This applies to both attic areas and cathedral type ceilings.
Yes. Thermostat radiant barrier sheathing is designed to work with, not in lieu of, standard attic insulation. Conventional insulations such as fiberglass, cellulose, foam and others do not insulate against radiant heat transfers.
The Reflective Insulation Manufacturers Association (RIMA) has published Technical Bulletin #103, which reports that in peak summer conditions, the temperature of asphalt shingles is increased only an average of 2 to 5° F over radiant barrier roof sheathing. This is not a significant temperature rise and most shingle manufacturers have indicated that it does not affect their shingle warranties. However, you may wish to review your warranty to be sure it will not be voided. Contact your shingle manufacturer directly with any questions and ask for any changes in coverage to be provided in writing.
In summer, when your roof gets very hot, a radiant barrier cuts air-conditioning costs by blocking a sizable portion of the downward heat gain into the building. In the warm spring and fall, radiant barriers can help save on energy and cooling by increasing your personal comfort. During these milder seasons, outdoor air temperatures are comfortable much of the time. Yet solar energy still heats up your roof, insulation, attic air, and ceiling to temperatures that can make you uncomfortably warm. An attic radiant barrier stops almost all of this downward heat transfer so that you can stay comfortable without running your air conditioning during mild weather.
Energy usage varies according to many factors, including individual preferences and the fluctuation of energy costs in general. The amount of energy consumed is directly related to:
Since everyone’s home and lifestyle are different, and energy costs differ from area to area, we can’t calculate your exact savings from using Thermostat radiant barrier sheathing on the roof. However, it is reasonable to expect that Thermostat radiant barrier sheathing can save you somewhere between 8 – 17% of your annual cooling energy consumption in the Southeast.
Yes, Thermostat radiant barrier sheathing can be used in both types of construction as long as you maintain a minimum 3/4" airspace for the foil surface. In both cases, the foil face should be installed facing down.
You may also find that radiant barriers can expand the use of space in your home. For instance, un-insulated, unconditioned spaces such as garages, porches, and workrooms can be more comfortable with radiant barriers. Because radiant barriers help keep attics cooler, the space is more usable for storage. You can also use radiant barrier sheathing on exterior, south-facing walls that have uninterrupted sun exposure. In a wall application, the foil side of the radiant barrier sheathing must be installed with the foil facing the outside. The foil must also have minimum 3/4" airspace in front of it to be effective. This can be accomplished by using furring strips on the outside of the sheathing to create the 3/4" airspace between the sheathing’s foil face and the siding, brick or other material used on the exterior of the wall. Be sure to check with your local building codes for compliance in the installation of any siding product. You may also want to check with your siding manufacturer for the use of their siding in conjunction with radiant barrier sheathing.
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN) – www.eren.doe.gov
Oak Ridge National Laboratory – www.ornl.gov
Reflective Insulation Manufacturers Association – www.rimainternational.org
Florida Solar Energy Center – www.fsec.ucf.edu